A Complete Guide On Acne: How to Treat & Control It

Acne is a skin problem that affects almost everyone from their teens, and is a liability when it comes to social life. Read all that you need to know about acne
Skincare tips

Unlike having the latest cellphone, having acne is not the best social possession one can have, and in these situations, you need to know the what, when and why of it all. It’s important to understand why people have acne, all don’t have the same cause of acne as there are many different causes.

Teenage years can be tough, yet for every dark cloud, there is a silver lining. Although acne is hard to prevent permanently, you can easily control it with taking extra care and using the correct acne skin care products available on the market. In this blog, we try to explain everything you need to know about acne, the better you understand it, the better you will be able to treat it.

What causes acne?

Although there are numerous myths about what does and what does not cause acne, here are three factors that contribute to acne.

  • Hormones – Teens often get acne, sometimes in a severe form, when they go through puberty. During the teenage years, some hormones, such as androgens, stimulate sebaceous glands on the face, back, shoulders, and upper chest to produce more oils. And this causes acne in many people. Some girls may also get pimples before and during their periods. This is also caused by hormonal changes in the body.
  • Hereditary – Acne can be hereditary as well. For example, if even one of your parents had severe acne in their teenage years, you will most likely also get acne.
  • Clogged pores – When skin pores get clogged with oil and dead skin, it forms a whitehead, blackhead, or red, bumpy pimple.

What does not cause acne?

So we now know what causes acne, lets debunk some myths about acne:

  • Dirt – Contrary to popular belief, that black thing in a blackhead is not dirt. It is a mix of oil and dead skin cells in your pore that turns black due to certain chemical reactions. So, no matter how often you wash your face, you will still get blackheads. Using products that treat acne will minimise the effects on your skin.
  • Food – Although chocolate, soft drinks, and oily food are not good for you, consuming them does not cause pimples. However, there is some data that suggest food with high sugar and starch may make acne worse.
  • Contact with people – Acne is not a contagious disease. You don’t catch or transfer acne to another person.
  • Your thoughts – While negative thoughts might be harmful to your psyche, they can’t cause an acne breakout. Stress does not affect acne directly, but it can cause imbalances of hormones which might or might not be a factor.

Skincare habits that can worsen acne

  • Don’t pop or squeeze your pimples – Pinching or popping acne breaks open the lining of pores, which causes more swelling and redness, and many times, the spot does not go easily.
  • Don’t scrub your skin too hard – The skin on the face is delicate, and harsh scrubbing can irritate it. Be gentle on your skin. Rub with light pressure and slow circular motions.
  • Don’t use greasy makeup or hair products – Makeup can clog your pores and increases the chance of acne breakout. If you do wear makeup, don’t forget to wash it off before bedtime,
  • Do learn to handle stress – Sometimes stress and anxiety may cause hormonal disbalance, resulting in an acne breakout. So, have enough sleep and take time to relax to keep your stress level down.
  • Do ask the doctor for medication – If you have to take prescription medication, do ask your doctor whether it causes pimples or not. Also, if you have severe acne, consult a doctor for the right acne treatment.

Types of acne treatment

Acne is incurable but it does go away as you get older. However, if you are dealing with a severe acne problem, there are some acne skin care products to help you keep the breakout under control, look out for these ingredients

  • Benzoyl Peroxide – Benzoyl peroxide is one of the most effective treatments you can take without any prescription. This treatment kills bacteria, unclogs your pores, and heals pimples. Benzoyl peroxide comes in various forms, such as gel, lotion, or face wash, with varying strengths from 2.5% up to 10%. Gel form may dry out your skin and make it redder. If this does happen, try out acne cream or lotion containing benzoyl peroxide. First, start slowly with minimum strength. Use 2.5 or 5% strength products once a day or every alternative day and let your skin adapt to the product. If you don’t experience any skin reactions, you can increase it to once or twice a day. If you don’t see better results after 4-6 weeks, try a higher strengths.
  • Retinoids – If benzoyl peroxide does not show effective results in controlling your acne, your doctor may prescribe retinoids. This vitamin (Vitamin A) comes in various forms, and helps to unclog the pores and cleanse them from within. Retinoid products must be used as directed. Make sure to stay away from the sun and tanning salons when wearing retinoids products. It can cause redness and peeling, so keep this in mind before planning your outing.
  • Antibiotics – Antibiotics can be used in the form of acne creams, lotions, gels, or solutions for treating inflammatory acne. And antibiotic pills are prescribed when topical solutions do not work.
  • Isotretinoin – Isotretinoin is a powerful oral medicine taken as a pill. It is only prescribed when topical acne products are not much effective in controlling the problem. As it is a very strong medication, it should not be taken before a planned, or during pregnancy as it is very harmful for the foetus. This drug must be used under the supervision of experts who have knowledge of it, such as paediatric dermatologists. And, it should be used cautiously and under strict monitoring of dermatologists and psychiatrists on patients with depression history.
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Bear in mind

No matter what treatment you use, you should always be mindful of the following :

  • Be patient – Patience is key when treating acne. Give each treatment enough time to work. Generally, acne products may take 3-6 weeks to show any results and 12 weeks to show maximum results.
  • Be faithful – Follow your skincare regime religiously. Don’t stop and restart when your skin changes. This is the most common reason why treatment fails.
  • Follow exact directions – Not using the product as directed may cause treatment failure or give troublesome side effects.
  • Don’t overdo it – Too much benzoyl peroxide or retinoids can make your skin become red and scaly. Use only the required amount of product.
  • Only use your medication – Doctors offer customised prescriptions to specific patients. Everyone’s skin is different, so what works for your friend might not work for you.

The last word

At 27Pinkx, we understand that managing acne can be a challenging task, but by following the right guidelines, you can improve the appearance of your skin and reduce the risk of scarring. Remember that 27Pinkx does sell many acne solution products, as well as offering acne and oil control treatments.